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Crude Oil


Crude oil remains an important source of energy


Service Description

Crude oil remains an important source of energy and, when refined, is used in a wide range of applications, from gasoline and fuel for aircraft and ships, to domestic and industrial energy production. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is a specific grade of crude oil and one of the main three benchmarks in oil pricing, along with Brent and Dubai Crude. WTI is known as a light sweet oil because it contains around 0.34% sulfur, making it "sweet," and has a low density (specific gravity), making it "light." EN590 The quality of European diesel fuels is specified by the EN 590 standard. While these specifications not are mandatory, they are observed by all fuel suppliers in Europe. Automobile diesel en 590 is intended for application in diesel engines. Diesel motor fuel quality meets the requirements of European Standard EN 590. Ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) Ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) is diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur content. As of 2006, almost all of the petroleum-based diesel fuel available in Europe and North America is of a ULSD type. There is not a single standard set of specifications and as the government mandated standard becomes progressively more strict so does the definition. ULSD has a lower energy content due to the heavy processing required to remove large amounts of sulfur from oil, leading to lower fuel economy. Using it requires more costly oil. Jet Fuel Jet fuel is produced at our refineries. Jet Fuel JP54 JP54 is essentially a broker slang for aviation kerosene, also referred to as technical kerosene used in turbine driven aircraft. Aviation kerosene referenced as JP54 in reality is Jet A, a less commonly used aviation fuel vs Jet A1 or TS-1 the Russian grade of technical kerosene. residual fuel oil. For power generation, we supply utility-grade fuel oil, bunker-grade fuel oil as well as feedstock. Jet A-1 Jet A-1 is a kerosine grade of fuel suitable for most turbine engined aircraft. It has a flash point minimum of 38 degrees C (100°F) and a freeze point maximum of -47 degrees C. It is widely available outside the U.S.A. The main specifications for Jet A-1 grade (see below) are the UK specification DEF STAN 91-91 (Jet A-1) Nato code F-35, (formerly DERD 2494) and the ASTM specification D1655 (Jet A-1).


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